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Afghanistan: History, Capital, Population and Everything You Need to Know

Hello and welcome to Ajanabha! In this article, you are going to learn every detail about Afghanistan like Geographical, History, Climate, Best places to visit, and some interesting facts about Afghanistan.

Afghanistan is a mountainous country situated at the crossroads of Central and South Asia. It is also sometimes considered a part of the Middle East. The country is the fortieth biggest in the world in size. Kabul is the capital of Afghanistan and the biggest city of Afghanistan, situated in the Kabul Province. Strategically situated at the crossroads of main trade routes, Afghanistan has attracted a succession of invaders since the 6th century BCE.

The Hindu Kush mountains, located at the northeast to southwest across the country, divide the country into 3 main regions:

  1. the Central Highlands, which had roughly 3rd of the nation’s area.
  2. the Southwestern Plateau, which having one-fourth of the area; and
  3. the smaller Northern Plains area, including the nation’s maximum fertile soil.


Land elevations usually slope from northeast to southwest, following the overall shape of the Hindu Kush massif, from its maximum factor in the Pamir Mountains close to the Chinese border to the decrease elevations close to the border with Iran. At the north, west, and southwest, there are no mountain limitations to neighboring nations.

The northernmost plains pass into the plains of Turkmenistan. In the southwest and west, the plateaus and deserts merge into the ones of Iran. Afghanistan is situated at the Eurasian Tectonic Plate. The Wakhan Corridor and the remaining of north-eastern Afghanistan, including Kabul, are located in a geologically lively area. Over a dozen earthquakes passed off there throughout the 20th century.

Afghanistan is bounded through six countries. Its longest border is the Durand Line, accounting for its whole southern and eastern boundary with Pakistan. The shortest one, bordering China’s Xinjiang province, is a trifling seventy-six km (forty-seven mi) at the end of the Wakhan Corridor, a slim sliver of land 241 km (a hundred and fifty mi) long that extends eastward among Tajikistan and Pakistan. At its narrowest factor, it is only eleven km (7 mi) wide.


Carving its way into the mountains of the Hindu Kush from the eastern provinces of Afghanistan, the Panjshir Valley is tipped to come to be one of the newfound commercial powerhouses of the country.

With American funding taking the lead, talk of the entirety from emerald mining to hydroelectric technology is being floated for those parts.

However, for the time being, Panjshir Valley stays the wonderful medley of snow-topped hills, mountains and winding rivers, verdant fields, and rustic hamlets it’s always been – except, that is when the Soviets rolled this direction at the time of their invasion in the 1980s.


Afghanistan was settled around 7000 B.C. and has been in transition for most of its history. Alexander conquered Afghanistan in 330 B.C. and brought the Greek language and way of life to the region. Genghis Khan’s Mongols invaded in the thirteenth century. In 1747, Pashtun elders held a council assembly known as a Loya Jirga and created the kingdom of the Afghans.

The British and Afghans fought in 3 wars in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries; however, the Afghans ultimately defeated the British in 1919 and formed an independent country in 1921.

In 1978, (PDPA) the People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan seized power in the country, placing in movement a sequence of activities that might flip the poor in the main non-violent nation into a breeding ground for terrorism. The People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan’s occupation subsequently led to civil war or war among residents of the same country.

Afghan fighters called the mujahedin fought in opposition to the PDPA; these rebels later received aid from Pakistan, China, United States, and Iran. Russia supported the PDPA regime. Soviet forces invaded Afghanistan in 1979 and remained in the country until 1989. The civil war went on in Afghanistan after the Soviet departure till the fall of the PDPA regime in 1992.


In general, Afghanistan has cold winters and warm summers, typical of semiarid steppe weather. There are many regional variations, however. While the mountain areas of the northeast have subarctic weather with dry, cold winters, the mountainous regions at the border of Pakistan are affected by the Indian monsoons, generally coming between July and September and bringing maritime tropical air masses with rains and humidity.

In addition, strong winds blow nearly every day in the southwest during the summer. A local variation is also produced by differences in elevation. The climate in winter and early spring is strongly affected by cold air masses from the north and the Atlantic low from the northwest; those air masses carry snowfall and extreme cold in the highlands.

Food and culture

Hospitality is the main part of Afghan culture, with the excellent possible food being served for visitors, always following a cup of delicious tea, of course. Tea is drunk many times every day, is offered to all visitors, and maximum families have their own recipe.

Food is traditionally eaten communally, sat on big colorful cushions known as toshak placed around a low table called a sandali. From kebabs and palaw to marinated meats and fruit, a lot of unique dishes are prepared during the year. Whether during festivals or at engagements and weddings, there is always an excuse to eat well.

Animals life

Most of the animals of the subtropical region live in Afghanistan. Large mammals, previously abundant, are actually greatly decreased in numbers, and the tiger has disappeared. There is still a great type of wild animals roaming the mountains and foothills, which includes wolves, striped hyenas, foxes, and jackals.

Birds of prey include vultures, which are there in huge numbers, and eagles. Migratory birds abound at the time of the spring and fall seasons. There are also many pheasants, quail, pelicans, snipe, cranes, partridge, and crows.

Medicine and Health Care

Since modern clinical facilities are limited, people depend on traditional practices that include herbs and animal products. Every physical disease is classified as heat or cold, and its remedy relies upon restoring the body’s equilibrium through eating foods with the opposite properties.

Another way to cure disease is to adopt a pilgrimage to a shrine. Sometimes, pilgrims placed a pinch of sand gathered from the holy area into their tea or kept a scrap from the banners on a tomb. Certain springs are taken into consideration holy, and their water is considered to have a healing effect. Talismans (Koranic verse in a cloth folder) are sewed onto clothing or hats to defend against the evil eye or treat a disease.

Best Places to Visit in Afghanistan

Today, the fabric of this huge country in the depths of Asia is a palimpsest of its tumultuous past and wonderful location: Cities like Mazar-e Sharif and Kandahar are full of filigreed mosques and breathtaking madrasahs; historic trading routes cross opium fields; the dusty desert gives direction to snow-capped peaks and alpine glaciers. Of course, modern times have now no longer been so kind, and nowadays, the war-torn territory of tribes and Taliban is quite much out-of-bounds.

The best places to visit in Afghanistan:


Although the small eastern town of Bagram, situated very near to both Kabul and the rises of the Hindu Kush, is best known to modern onlookers because of the sight of the biggest allied army base in the country, this one’s tale actually is going a lot deeper than that.

For starters, the city was conquered in the 300s BC by none other than Alexander, who finally made changes to its layout in the Grecian manner. And later, the area passed to the Mauryan Empire, which brought their Indian creative traditions to bear on the region.

Khyber Pass

The Khyber Pass actually falls into that huge category of places not present at the menu for the tourist in Afghanistan – considering that at the least 2007, the entire area here has been ruled by Taliban guerrillas, with western resources and army convoys targeted specifically.

However, once the tensions raise and the battle subsides, this high-perched stretch of land in the heights of the Spin Ghar will actually be worth the visit. Why? Well, because for hundreds of years, it’s hosted armies and traders. They came across the Silk Road from China and the east, or they came in the form of high-quality army leaders like Alexander the Great and Genghis Kahn.


Kabul has been plunged into chaos because of the takeover of the Mujahedeen and al-Qaeda, the Taliban insurgents, and different factions after the beginning of the country’s current wars.

It’s a sad situation for capital with a lot to offer. Kabul was once a cultural hotpot point of Zoroastrianism and Buddhism. Later there had been Hindus here or even Alexander. Today, this wealthy past can be explored on the Kabul Museum – that is if you deem it secure to enter.

Band-e Amir National Park

Band-e Amir became home to the primary ever national park in Afghanistan back in 2009. Peppered by no less than six unique mountain lakes, landed more than 3,000 meters up in the mountainous peaks of the Hindu Kush, and formed by the happiness of captivating geological movements, the entire region is a wondrous area to behold.

Hikers come in the spring and summer (when the temperatures aren’t an unbearable 20 Celsius below!), to wonder at the cobalt-blue waters of Band-e Panir and the Band-e Gholaman.


While the city of Samangan is a historical caravan stop on the outer edge routes of the old Silk Road, that declare to fame isn’t actually its main draw.

That honor is going to the mysterious cave complexes of Takht I Rostam that carve their way thru the dusty ridges of the mountains nearby.

These are ideas to have been built in the 4th and fifth centuries AD and are adorned with Buddhist inlays of lotus leaves, all that specialize in an internal mud-brick stupa. They provide an immersive glimpse into an almost-forgotten, pre-Muslim past.


For fans of tradition and spiritual history, the Bamiyan story is a completely sad one. In historical times, the area was called a hub for Hindu–Buddhist worship, and it thrived with artisans, monasteries, and – especially – sculptors a long time earlier than the Muslim invasion.

In fact, the 2 large statues of the Buddha that stood right here had been taken into consideration a number of the maximum elegant 4th and fifth-century carvings in all of Asia. In March 2001, however, those great effigies had been destroyed by the Taliban, causing global outrage and even prompting UNESCO to tag their stays to prevent further destruction.

Interesting facts about Afghanistan

  1. “Buzkashi” is Afghanistan’s national game. Players in groups attempt to capture a goat at the same time as using a horse. This sport is being performed for hundreds of years and is a difficult sport.
  2. Mobile phone coverage is available in greater than 90% of the country. Mobile telephones are status symbols.
  3. Alexander captured the city of Herat in 330BC and constructed its historical citadel. Alexander had a son with a lovely girl from the province of Balkh in Afghanistan.
  4. Hollywood actor Arnold Schwarzenegger is the poster boy in many of the muscle-building centres in Afghanistan. They say he looks like an Afghan.
  5. The world’s first oil paintings were drawn in the caves of “Bamiyan” around 650 BC.
  6. Afghanistan is expected to have been inhabited by humans at least 50,000 years ago.
  7. In Afghanistan, the maximum of the stores and organizations are closed on Friday, that is the Islamic holy day.
  8. Direct eye contact among males and females is not considered acceptable and need to be avoided.
  9. Gifts are a means of strengthening the connection among a tourist and their host. The tourist can bring a small present for the host while invited for tea or food.
  10. Afghanistan is a multicultural and multi-ethnic country.

Final Words

In this article, we have provided every detail about Afghanistan. We hope this will help you for gaining more knowledge about Afghanistan. If you have any questions, please ask us in the comment and we will be happy to help you. Please follow us on Social Media and subscribe to us via email to receive regular updates.

Related Article:- A Guide To 7 Of The World’s Best Places To Visit

Seven Important Ranking factors in 2021: Factors you shouldn’t Ignore

When customers search for you, where do they find you?

Online marketing is the key to modern-day businesses. As we know that Google is a search engine that plays an important role in finding new customers.

In addition to paid search ads, you should also focus on increasing your organic rankings on this popular search engine. You can increase your visibility by appearing prominently in paid and organic search engine results – and visibility is vital no matter what type of business you run if you want to drive revenue.

google ranking factors first page visibility

It’s impossible to control how search engines work, but you can do a lot to improve the chances of your website getting found in search results. A website’s ranking factors can be aligned with Google’s using SEO, which is about aligning your website with its various factors. My goal for this post is to:

  • Distinguish between technical, on-page, and off-page ranking factors.
  • Identify the top ten factors that affect your website’s ranking with Google.
  • Include actionable suggestions for improving your ranking for each ranking factor.

To get our foundational knowledge established, let’s review some of the basics of ranking factors.

Ranking factors are what determine the ranking of websites?

The purpose of search engine optimization (SEO) is to optimize your website so that it ranks highly in organic search results. A search result that is organic refers to one that is not paid. PPC advertising (or pay-per-click) focuses on generating traffic through paid clicks.

You will see a difference in organic search results and paid search results in the image below:

google ranking factors paid vs organic traffic

You will be ranked on Google based on various metrics and characteristics that Google considers important-all of which are factors in your ranking. Even though we will never know all the ranking factors in Google, we can figure out many of them based on what Google has told us and through our own experiments and empirical research. Furthermore, we know that Google is using ranking factors and algorithms to discern characteristics such as quality, trustworthiness, and performance.

Ranking factors used by Google

Let’s go over the different kinds of search engine ranking factors, before we look at the top 5 that you should optimize your websites for. In real life, there are three major groups of factors that impact ranking: on-page, off-page and link-building.

  • These are factors which are not directly related to your site, and are measured by Google elsewhere. They include links.
  • A page’s on-page factors include its keywords and informational content.
  • They measure the performance of your site as a whole, not just for individual pages.

The most important thing to remember about SEO is that there isn’t one ranking factor that will determine your success. SEO-friendly websites are the result of all your technical, on-page, and off-page efforts working together.

Having established the foundation for understanding Google ranking factors, next let’s look at the top 10 ranking factors, grouped by these categories.

Factors affecting Google rankings on technical grounds

The search engines crawl and index your website’s content in order to find relevant information. It is necessary to have a few core technical elements running properly in order for this to happen. All of these elements are essential to your website’s functionality and form the foundation on which it is built.

The page experience is about to be updated, are you ready? Core Web Vitals can be found here.

Technical SEO can seem intimidating to many marketers. It is crucial to have knowledge of the structure and content management system of websites to perform these ranking optimizations. It is therefore common for marketing and development teams to work together to fix technical SEO errors. When you have a working website, there isn’t a lot of SEO maintenance required once things are running smoothly. You can improve your ranking by using the following techniques:

1. Page speed and site performance

If you asked search engines what they thought, they would agree that a website that takes a long time to load is not good. A fast and seamless website load is a key component of technical SEO.

Taking too long for your pages to load may result in a spike in bounce rates, which will affect your ranking. It is essential for users to have a smooth browsing experience, which is why page speed is considered a ranking factor. When conducting an SEO audit, keep this in mind.

Test your website speed using many of the tools available on the market. Google PageSpeed Insights and GTmetrix are excellent tools that you should check out. Simple and free, these tools provide valuable insights into site speed to enable easy optimizations.

google ranking factors GT metrics page speed

Image source: GTmetrix

2. Accessibility on mobile devices

Crawling websites by Google is optimized for mobile use. In other words, the search engine evaluates a page predominantly based on its mobile version.

In addition to a perfectly optimized desktop site, if your mobile site is not optimized, you may lose ranking positions in search engines. Ensure that your website is accessible on multiple platforms, not just your desktop, by previewing it.

It is possible to accomplish this before publishing your content in most content management systems. Furthermore, you can use a free tool like Google’s Mobile-Friendly Test with the same results.

3. Links to internal pages

Search engines crawl and index different pieces of content on your website based on what you’ve said earlier. For crawlers, internal links act as a signal that assists them in analyzing and properly indexing the information.

In the context of a website, an “internal link” refers to any link pointing to an internal page.

Google ranking factors internal links

Image source: Moz

Your internal linking structure is more organized and tightly connected, which makes it easier for search engines (and users) to find what they’re looking for.

When creating a new page or piece of content, you should be aware of the pages you’re linking to.

In order to keep your internal links organized, you can create topic clusters. In general, you create content around one or more pillar topics, and then keep your interlinking centered within these clusters.

Think about the case where you are writing articles about sales prospecting.

You should write a comprehensive guide on sales prospecting that covers every aspect of the process. All of your subsequent articles should cover related subtopics (cold calling tips, email outreach templates, etc.) and link back to your main resource.

The reason this strategy works is that you keep your links tightly organized around a common theme.

Google ranking factors topic clusters

Image source: HubSpot

In this way, the content is easily understood and indexed by search engines. The user experience is also enhanced when topics are clustered together. Having a single location means readers do not have to go to different sites to find what they’re looking for.

In conclusion, SEO is not possible without a well-structured, smoothly operating website.

Almost all websites undergo regular maintenance to ensure they are free of bugs or errors. To enhance your SEO, you should perform a technical SEO audit once in a while to detect 404 errors, redirect loops, and broken links.

Factors affecting Google rankings on a web page

These next ranking factors are specific to specific pages of your website, while the above factors deal with your website as a whole.

4. Keyword targeting

SEO strategies are based on keywords. When people search for something on a search engine, they use these search terms. It is crucial to conduct keyword research before starting to create your website content.

78% of marketers believe that keyword research is a highly effective way to drive new traffic according to a recent survey from Directive. In order to create effective content, you need to research what your audience searches for as well as answer their questions directly.

google ranking factors keyword research

Image source: Directive

Identify at least four relevant keywords before setting up a page or writing an article. We’ll discuss other on-page elements next, including how to incorporate these keywords whenever they fit naturally into the text.

“Naturally” is the key word in the last paragraph (no pun intended).

Don’t write for search engines, but for your readers.

It is not easy for search engines to identify when marketers exploit keyword stuffing for SEO purposes. The practice of keyword stuffing can result in the penalty of your website.

Your content should not be compromised for SEO purposes. Our previous statements state that quality is a priority for Google, so you should produce content that is easy to understand and compelling for your audience.

5. Title and header tags

It is important to place the keywords you want to rank for on your page in specific places, like the title tag and the header tag. The tags allow search engines to identify the topic of a page and index it accordingly.

During search results, the title tag appears prominently (see below).

6. Meta description

Meta descriptions are short descriptions that reside within the HTML code of your web page. The search engine shows it in search results even though it doesn’t appear on the original page. Below you can see an image of the light gray text that appears in the meta description.

google ranking factors meta title and meta description

Google sometimes uses the meta description to populate a featured results snippet, even though it isn’t a major ranking factor. Moreover, it provides searchers with more information about the page, increasing click-through rates. This is why a meta description still needs to be included in your SEO checklist and ensure that it accurately summarizes the page’s content.

7. Image alt-text

It might come as no surprise to you that images have a SEO component, if you’ve ever taken a look at Google Images. Your website includes alt-text, commonly known as alt-tags, for each image.

It is intended to serve the following purposes:

  • Screen readers provide a means of accessing your website for visually impaired browsers.
  • An alt-text will appear in place of your image if it is unable to load.
  • Images that have structured data are better indexed by search engines.

The right alt-text can help you rank higher on the first page of image search results by moving your images to the top.As far as SEO is concerned, there is no silver bullet. Climbing search result pages takes time, and this is an important thing to keep in mind. Your website won’t suddenly climb to the top spot if you optimize each ranking factor today. In order for your site to remain current and relevant, you need to put in ongoing effort to optimize it. You’re more likely to see organic growth if your website is well-designed and optimized for your target audience.